霉酚酸盐is sometimes prescribed under the names mycophenolate mofetil or mycophenolate sodium.

霉酚酸盐有多种用途。当规定为disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD), it should help control your condition and reduce damage to your joints and other organs such as your lungs, kidneys and blood vessels.

Like all DMARDs, mycophenolate slows down how active your condition is, rather than just treating how its symptoms affect you. It works by reducing the activity of your body’s immune system.




有时也将其用作影响眼睛的炎症疾病的一部分,例如葡萄膜炎(You-Ve-eye-Tis)或肠,例如Crohn病(CR-OH-NZ DIZ-EEZ)。


霉酚酸盐doesn’t work immediately. It may be up to four months before you notice any benefit.



Usually you’ll be advised to take one dose a day for the first week. This will then go up to two doses a day as your medication is increased.




霉酚酸盐can cause a number of side effects, including:

  • 感到恶心
  • 腹泻(dy-a-ree-ah)
  • vomiting
  • stomach pains.

Whilst you’re taking mycophenolate, tell your doctor,rheumatology nurse如果您开始遇到任何新症状或任何与您有关的新症状,或者是药剂师。如果您有:

  • 喉咙痛
  • 发烧
  • 流感样症状
  • 不断咳嗽或呼吸问题
  • 您的心脏在异常跳动的感觉
  • 突然的体重减轻
  • 无法解释的瘀伤或出血
  • unexplained changes in mood
  • headaches – particularly if you don’t usually get them
  • acne or a skin rash
  • swollen gums or an unusual taste in your mouth.

如果这些症状中的任何一个都严重,您的医生可能建议您停止服用霉菌酸盐。但最好与您的医生或您的成员交谈风湿病团队before making any changes to your treatment.


These infections can affect you badly if you’re on mycophenolate. You may need antiviral treatment, and your mycophenolate may be stopped until you’re better.

Tips to reduce your risk of infection

  • Try to avoid close contact with people you know have an infection.
  • Wash your hands regularly and carry around a small bottle of antibacterial hand gel.
  • 定期刷牙来保持嘴巴清洁。
  • 如果您是吸烟者,请停止吸烟。
  • 确保您的食物存储并准备好。
  • Try to keep your house clean and hygienic, especially the kitchen, bathrooms and toilets.




Very rarely, patients treated with mycophenolate can develop a serious condition called progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (pro-gress-iv mul-tee-fo-cul low-ko-en-kef-a-lop-afy), which is also known as PML, which can damage the brain and spinal cord. You must see your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following symptoms:

  • 如坐针毡
  • weakness, shaky movements or unsteadiness
  • 视线损失
  • 语音问题
  • 行为或心情的变化
  • 难以移动您的脸,手臂或腿部

霉酚酸盐can affect the blood count and can sometimes cause liver or kidney problems. As a precaution, your doctor will arrange for you to have a blood test before you start treatment and regular blood tests while you’re taking mycophenolate. Keep a note of when your blood tests are due and remind your doctor about them.


Take your missed dose as soon as you remember, unless it’s almost time for your next one. If you have missed a tablet, don’t take any more than your regular dose to make up for it.


If you take too much of your medication you may experience some of the side effects mentioned previously.

If you think you have taken too much mycophenolate call your风湿病团队或立即在111上的NHS热线索引,并寻求建议。


影响啊ther treatments

霉酚酸盐may be prescribed along with other drugs to treat your condition. But some drugs can interact with mycophenolate.


You can carry on takingnon-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such asibuprofen, or painkillers, if needed, unless your doctor advises otherwise.

However, you shouldn’t take over-the-counter preparations or herbal remedies without first discussing them with your doctor,rheumatology nurse specialist或药剂师。






If you're going to have an operation, discuss this with your风湿病团队。他们会告诉您是否应该在手术前继续服用霉酚酸盐。


霉酚酸盐and alcohol can both affect your liver, so you should only drink alcohol in small amounts.



建议可能会有所不同,有些风湿病学家may suggest stricter limits. If you’re concerned you should discuss your alcohol intake with your rheumatology team.

Fertility, pregnancy and breastfeeding

You shouldn’t take mycophenolate while you’re trying for a baby, pregnant or breastfeeding. It does not affect your fertility, but it can affect your unborn child.

Your doctor may discuss your future plans for a family before prescribing mycophenolate. Whether you’re a man or woman, you’ll be advised to use one, if not two, methods of contraception while you’re being treated with mycophenolate.



If you’re taking mycophenolate and you think you or your partner may be pregnant, contact your doctor immediately, they will be able to advise you on the best course of action.